A Glimpse Into The Working Of Peer-to-Peer Communication


With the introduction of the Internet, began the beginning of many new innovative concepts that helped in perfectly keeping up with the demands of the ‘technologically evolving world’! One such innovative concept is peer-to-peer communication, whose benefit is not restricted but, only extendable to almost all the popular sectors in the world, such as finance, e-commerce, education, computing, and so on! Better than the sectors, looking into these popular applications would help you connect with the significance and, as well as the popularity of this communication type, which are a cryptocurrency, instant messaging, IP Telephony, to name a few!

So, now have you got, what a peer-to-peer communication is? If not, move to the next section that describes the basic working of this popular communication model!

P2P Communication – Working Principle

A Peer-to-Peer communication model is a decentralized communication model, where, each participating node or the computer acts as a server and client to only share resources among themselves, without the need for any governing centralized resource. That is, say in the case of ‘Instant Messaging’ application, the sharing happens directly between the two intended parties, without the interference of any governing source. Thus, since there is no interference or the centralized working concept, this communication model is said to enable efficiency, scalability, speed, security, and such benefits!

Thus, all the participating nodes are masters here, or, in other words, all of them share equal rights and that is why it is known as the decentralized or distributed communication model. Well, not only the rights, even the duties aka the workloads are equally shared among the nodes, and that answers for the improved performance and efficiency of this communication model!

So, why is it needed?

So, why was this peer-to-peer communication model introduced and now, so popularly followed? The main purpose of this communication model is to allow the eligible participants aka the computers to work collaboratively to achieve the desired output quickly. Since, everything is distributed, right from the energy utilized to the computational tasks, the output obtained is not only faster but also of the highest order. Although all of the above-mentioned facts about the peer-to-peer communication are true, the main benefit of this communication model lies in the success of file sharing, as simultaneous file sharing and receiving is possible among the intended computers of the network, flawlessly. Also, sharing large volumes of files is quite possible with this communication model, which is one of the reasons for its rising popularity!


Highly Scalable – In order to add a new peer aka a new node, no special configuration changes on the central device are required, as there is no such thing in existence here and therefore, you can easily accomplish your task without much difficulty.

Highly reliable – Even if one of the peers fails, the others in the network continue to work and collaborate, and therefore, you can anytime rely on them to achieve the desired output. Particularly, with respect to the rising hacking events these days, a peer-to-peer communication model proves to be effective to enjoy uninterrupted results, appreciably!

Faster – Since, the work is shared among the participating nodes equally, the output achieved is quicker, any day and every day!

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